Dems Take Control
While Dems have had lock on governor’s office, GOP has longer hold on Sec. of State
The GOP lament in Washington State about the fact it’s been 32 years since a Republican was elected governor pales somewhat compared to how long Democrats in the state have watched a string of Republicans hold the post of secretary of state.
For Rob McKenna, the two-term state attorney general who is the Republican nominee in the governor’s race, the long Democratic tenure in the governor’s mansion, longest rule in the nation by either party, has provided the opportunity to tell voters “we haven’t refreshed this place in a generation.”
But in the race for secretary of state, the post from which Sam Reed is retiring after three terms, Democrats will be seeking to reverse their almost half-century absence from the office that oversees state and local elections, corporate and non-profit filings and records and is supervisor of the State Archives.
A Republican has held the post since A. Ludlow Kramer, a young Seattle city councilman, ousted incumbent Victor A. Meyers in 1964. So it’s been 52 years since Meyer’s 1960 victory as the last Democrat elected to the position. The secretary of state is second, behind the lieutenant governor, in the line of succession to the office of governor.
It was in 1964 that Dan Evans defeated Democratic incumbent Albert D. Rosellini, who was seeking a third term. The two Seattle Republicans, Evans and Kramer, thus both beat incumbent Democrats despite the fact that Lyndon Johnson carried the state overwhelmingly in the presidential vote, suggesting that Washington voters can sometimes make independent judgements about state and national races.
Washington’s history with secretaries of state is in marked contrast to the background of the office in Oregon, where it has long been viewed as a stepping stone to the governor’s office.
In Washington State, it’s been the office of attorney general that has been seen as the stepping stone, with the last three, including outgoing Gov. Christine Gregoire and now-GOP candidate McKenna, looking to occupy the governor’s mansion.
Two of Oregon’s best-known and respected political figures made stops at the secretary of state post en route to larger roles. Mark Hatfield was elected to the position in 1956 and two years later won the governor’s race while Tom McCall was elected in 1964 and two years later won the first of his two terms as governor. Hatfield went on to the U.S. Senate, where he served for 30 years and was even briefly considered for the vice presidential spot with Richard Nixon in 1968.
If the Democrats in Washington think they’ve been shut out of the secretary of state post for a long time, consider that Barbara Roberts, in 1991, became not only the first woman to hold the position in Oregon but also the first Democrat elected to the post in more than 100 years.
Six of the last eight Oregon secretaries of state ran for governor, with Hatfield, McCall and Roberts being elected and three others losing in the general election.
I asked Reed why he thought the Washington secretary of state position hadn’t also produced gubernatorial aspirants.
He admitted that he had been urged to run for governor in 2004 as the GOP sought a candidate to oppose then-Atty. Gen. Christine Gregoire in seeking the position being vacated by Gary Locke, who decided against seeking a third term. State Sen. Dino Rossi eventually was the GOP candidate, losing by a handful of votes.
“I thought seriously about it but decided that I enjoyed the responsibilities of secretary of state, so I passed,” he said. “It was a matter of thinking, ‘why let the ego trip of running for governor interfere with doing what you like to do.’”
So he ran and was re-elected twice more to the office he had actually prepped for over a period of decades, working first with Kramer in the late ’60s and with Bruce Chapman, who held the office in the late ’70s. Then he spent 20 years as Thurston County auditor, a local-level version of the responsibilities handled by the secretary of state at the state level. He was elected to the county post in1980 and re-elected four times.
And Ralph Munro, Reed’s predecessor who served five terms as secretary of state, said having worked in the governor’s office for a number of years under Evans left him with “no desire to be governor.”
He admitted to me that he had been lobbied to run but that “I never saw the office as a stepping stone. I really enjoyed being secretary of state.”
Republican candidate Kim Wyman, who followed Reed into the Thurston County auditor’s office in 2000, faces former state Sen. Kathleen Drew, a Democrat to see who replaces Reed. Thus no matter which one wins next month, the next secretary of state will be a woman.